In this Farsi lesson you can learn how to conjugate verbs in the simple past. As we’ll see, this tense is very easy to build in Farsi! 😊
Words between two slashes are a phonetic representation of the Farsi words, loosely based on the IPA romanization of Persian.
As a reminder, in the last lesson Verb Basics we took a look at various building blocks that we can use when working with verbs in Farsi.
We need two building blocks to form verbs in the simple past:
Let’s conjugate the verb رَفتَن /raftan/ as an example. We need the past stem رَفت /raft/ and the personal endings.
Review the previous lesson for an overview of the personal endings!
With the past stem and the personal ending in hand, we can now form the verb by simply combining them:
Because the past stem can be derived directly from a verb’s infinitive, conjugating verbs in the simple past is very simple! 💡
This the resulting conjugation for رَفتَن /raftan/:
Here are more examples:
Remember that you can derive the past stem from a verb’s infinitive by removing the ending «ن َ-» /-an/ 💡
Forming the simple past in Farsi is very simple when you’re familiar with the Verb Basics. Combine the past stem with the personal ending and that’s it!
🙌 !ما فارسی یاد می گیریم
/mā fārsi yād migirim/
We’re learning Farsi! 🙌